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Download Philoponus: Corollaries on Place and Void with Simplicius: by Philoponus, Simplicius PDF

By Philoponus, Simplicius

Within the Corollaries on position and Void, Philoponus assaults Aristotle's notion of position as two-dimensional, adopting as an alternative the view extra widely used to us that it really is third-dimensional, inert and possible as void. Philoponus' denial that pace within the void will be limitless expected Galileo, as did his denial that pace of fall is proportionate to weight, which Galileo significantly built.

In the second one rfile Simplicius assaults a misplaced treatise of Philoponus which argued for the Christians opposed to the eternity of the realm. He exploits Aristotle's concession that the area comprises merely finite strength. Simplicius' presentation of Philoponus' arguments (which could be tendentious), with his replies, let us know plenty approximately either Philosophers.

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Additional info for Philoponus: Corollaries on Place and Void with Simplicius: Against Philoponus on the Eternity of the World (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)

Sample text

B. 8, 215b22-216a4 The second argument is clear. If there is motion through void, it will turn out that the same distance is traversed through 25 void and full; and this is absurd. For if I take a body finer than air in the same proportion to air that the time for void bears to the time for air, and insert this body in the extension of the Translation 51 void, then it will move through this very thin body in as much time as it took to move through the void. So in the same time it will move an equal distance whether full or void, which is impossible.

So weight and lightness do not belong to the things that have them because of something other than themselves, and weight is an active cause of downward motion, and lightness of upward motion, whenever things that have weight or lightness are in the place that is contrary to their nature and there is nothing obstructing their motion. For the clod of earth held up or hung up in air, although it is in the place that is unnatural to it, nevertheless does not move Translation 55 downward, because of what obstructs it.

Not at all; for our purpose in all this was not to measure planes, but solids. It remains, then, that we measure the space between the boundaries of the jar. The extension in between is something, then, over and above the bodies that come to be in it. Of course, I do not mean that this extension either ever is or can be empty of all body. Not at all. But I do claim that it is something different, over and above the bodies that come to be in it, and empty by its own definition, although never without 10 15 20 25 569,1 5 10 30 Corollary on Place body; in just the same way we claim that matter is different from the forms, but can never be without form.

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