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Download Beyond the Market: The Social Foundations of Economic by Barbara Harshav, Jens Beckert PDF

By Barbara Harshav, Jens Beckert

Author note: Translated through Barbara Harshav
Publish 12 months note: First released in 2002
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Beyond the Market launches a sociological research into financial potency. winning fiscal conception, and is the reason potency utilizing formalized rational selection types, usually simplifies human behaviour to the purpose of distortion.

Jens Beckert unearths such concept to be really susceptible in explaining such the most important different types of fiscal behaviour as cooperation, innovation and motion lower than stipulations of uncertainty - phenomena he identifies because the right place to begin for a sociology of financial motion.

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Additional info for Beyond the Market: The Social Foundations of Economic Efficiency

Sample text

The empirical problem consists of the fact that we can observe cooperative strategies in economic contexts where noncooperative strategies had to be expected, given the premises of game theory. The question is whether, on closer examination, the strategies chosen by the actors can be reconstructed as rational and can thus be reconciled with the rational-actor model. If not, then the normative problem emerges that rational actors, contrary to the assumption incorporated in the first theorem of welfare theory, achieve only a Pareto-inferior equilibrium under certain conditions.

In the discussion of these approaches, two groups of problems are to be worked out. First, the unrealistic starting point of unlimited cognitive capacity of the actors so that no discrepancy exists between complicated mathematical modeling and the actual action is an empirical problem that justifies critiques from the perspective of behavioral science. At any rate, the solution strategies are not yet doubted on a theoretical level, and at least the possibility of maximizing decisions under uncertainty remains open.

Harsanyi 1986:95) Thus, it can be maintained that the preference for a cooperation strategy in the prisoners’ dilemma can be explained not within the limits of the rational-actor model by reference to internalized norms but rather if the concept of rationality is expanded so that it only satisfies the criterion of consistency. But this expansion relinquishes the normative content of the rational-actor model to a large extent and is therefore not to be pursued any further. This rejection naturally does not say anything about the actual role of internalized norms in social situations of behavior.

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