By David C. Rubin (editor)
Rubin brings jointly and integrates the simplest modern paintings at the cognitive psychology of stories of the self. Autobiographical reminiscence is the foundation for many psychotherapies, a massive repository of criminal, ancient, and literary details, and, in a few perspectives, the resource of the concept that of self. whilst it fails, it's the concentration of significant proceedings in lots of neurological problems. Introductory chapters position the research of autobiographical reminiscence in its historic, methodological, and theoretical contexts. Later chapters record unique examine about the memories humans have of substanial parts in their lives. issues contain the schematic and temporal association of autobiographical reminiscence, the temporal distribution of autobiographical stories, and screw ups of autobiographical reminiscence in quite a few sorts of amnesia.
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Additional resources for Autobiographical Memory
Brown and Kulik state that flashbulb memories are "mem- 36 W I L L I A M F. BREWER ories for the circumstances in which one first learned of a very surprising and consequential (or emotionally arousing) event" (p. 73). They state that these memories have "a primary, 'live' quality that is almost perceptual. Indeed, it is very like a photograph that indiscriminately preserves the scene . . when the flashbulb was fired" (p. 74). Brown and Kulik present data to show that events such as the assassination of John Kennedy produce memories that fit their description of flashbulb memories, a finding supported by a number of later studies (Winograd & Killinger, 1983; Yarmey & Bull, 1978).
Thus, when we began to carry out work on personal memory (Brewer & Pani, 1982, 1983, in preparation), we expected to find very fragile experimental phenomena with enormous variability across subjects. However, we discovered that we could manipulate variables in this area just as one can in more traditional areas of human memory. ") gave only 10-15% imagery responses. Clearly, here it is not the characteristics of the subjects that are crucial but the type of memory processes that the subjects are asked to carry out.
45). In addition to this form of evidence Neisser has provided two empirical studies relevant to the issue. In a 1981 paper Neisser compared John Dean's Watergate testimony about his conversations with President Nixon with the actual tapes of those conversations. He found that Dean was essentially correct about what the basic views of each individual were but that most of the details of Dean's 42 W I L L I A M F. BREWER memory about the conversations were incorrect. In a more recent paper Nigro and Neisser (1983) investigated the phenomenal properties of personal memories.