By Wangila, Degen Hoorweg
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Extra resources for Artisanal Fishers on the Kenyan Coast (Afrika-Studiecentrum Series)
Various ways were suggested by the fishers on how they could benefit from the Parks, including community projects, loans for fishers and opening of Parks for fishing during the kusi season. Some even argued for the dissolution of the Parks. Fishers in the Reserves used mainly recommended gear. Nets with small mesh sizes that caught small immature fish were used mostly in unprotected areas. The large majority of fishers considered beach-seines to be the most environmentally destructive; harmful to the coral reef and fish juveniles.
The predominant nearshore activities include artisanal fishing, shrimp trawling, other commercial extraction and tourism, but marine resource use is largely unregulated (Obura 2000). The Ngomeni coastal tract is characterized by open access to the sea, mangroves, mud flats and sandy beaches but the absence of a fringing reef. There are two landing sites, Ngomeni village and opposite Robinson’s Island. The Malindi coastal tract is near the Malindi National Reserve with one landing site in Malindi town at the very end of the reef, which at this point is polluted and covered by sediments from the Sabaki River.
Market centres were selected in close proximity to the four landing sites (Ngomeni, Malindi, Matsangoni and Takaungu). Traders from all the landing sites and market centres were sampled. Data collection techniques included structured questionnaires, interviews, observation, and the use of secondary data from various sources. An Empty Sufuria: The Effects of a Marine National Park on the Livelihood Strategies and Income Diversification of Fishermen Households at the Kenya Coast (Versleijen 2001).