By Jane M. Eastman, Christopher B. Rodning
Within the first e-book concerning the archaeology of gender in local societies of southeastern North the USA, those vigorous essays reconstruct the several social roles and relationships followed by way of men and women ahead of and after the coming of Europeans within the sixteenth century. those case stories discover the ways that gender variations affected people's day-by-day lives through reading fabric proof from archaeological websites, together with grave items, human continues to be, and spatial configurations of burials.
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Extra resources for Archaeological Studies of Gender in the Southeastern United States
18 Claassen Bone Chemistry Bone chemistry is typically used to quantify elements and proportions of foodstuffs in habitual diets. There are (at least) two ways in which prior dietary reconstructions have run aground with respect to gender: the assumptions that (1) men and women have the same diet and (2) chemical uptake is uniform in the bones of men and women. Among the Fish Creek Aborigines in Arnhem Land, Australia, male hunters ate a greater proportion of animal foods than did nonhunters, and each individual man ate all the fish he caught.
Birthing or growing plants is animate, as are women; killing animals is inanimate, as are men. Birds are high, as are men; shellfish are low, as are women (H. Moore 1988). Women are shellfishers, then, not because they are the weaker sex, always pregnant or nursing, but because they are associated with all things low. Archaeologists can identify other potential “low” activities and their tool kits and potentially reconstruct sex roles. Contrary to many of my feminist contemporaries, I do think gender is always present in every human society, and consequently I think that southeastern archaeologists are right to assume that gender always has been an important means of organizing and stratifying the societies that have lived in this region.
The archaeobotanical assemblage from the site offers some evidence regarding seasonality. Seasonally ripening plants suggest occupation in the fall, summer, and possibly the spring. Plants that become ripe in different seasons (such as maygrass and nuts) are found in the same contexts at the site, suggesting continuous occupation rather than discrete occupational episodes in different seasons. Although winter and spring occupation is difficult to demonstrate, the presence of storable foods, like nuts and corn, could suggest occupation during these seasons.