By Mary T. Phillips
This quantity grew out of a undertaking to behavior a survey of the medical literature of the us for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique objective of the survey used to be to supply packground info for the advance of a collection of consultant traces for using animals in learn then in instruction via the hot York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal study. ! We quickly learned, even if, that the survey constituted a priceless source in its personal correct. during this booklet we current the result of the literature survey besides correct information regarding its legislative and ancient con textual content. we are hoping that this fabric should be worthy to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists drawn to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century section of the animal learn controversy. The time span coated through the survey used to be chosen to check the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the newest laws regulating animal learn, which took impact in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval in the course of the pages of the medical literature. in the course of those 2 many years, animal re seek within the usa was once reworked. Activist animal defense enterprises catapulted frustrating moral inquiries to nationwide promenade inence, throwing the clinical community2 into turmoil.
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Extra resources for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986
19 Idem. The regulations in their current form are published in Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) (1985) Title 9, Chap 1. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA. Subchapter A-Animal Welfare. S. Government Printing Office: 1986-180-916:40234, Washington-I-85, Sec 2,28, p 1. 20 Dr. Dale F. , 1983; Orlans FB (1981) Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, Statement for the record. In: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology ofthe Committee on Science and Technology.
Today most, if not all, humane societies have expressed reservations about the use of animals in research. They hold a wide spectrum of positions on this question. Some want to reduce the number of animals used and to limit the types of experiments to be carried out with animals; some are concerned primarily with conditions of housing animals. Still others are most critical of the use of domestic animals for research. 3 Ibid, p 17. 4 Ibid, pp 17-23; Corner G (1964) A history of the Rockefeller Institute.
These amendments brought more research facilities under the act's coverage by including all facilities that use "live animals," rather than restricting the definition to those using cats or dogs. " Specifically excluded were farm animals, such as "horses not used for research purposes" and poultry and livestock used for food or fiber. Since mice and rats were not mentioned, it would appear that the definition was now broad enough to include these ubiquitous laboratory creatures. According to a report written by the Office of Technology Assessment, this was indeed the intent of Congress.