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By Bina Gupta

An advent to Indian Philosophy deals a profound but available survey of the improvement of India’s philosophical culture. starting with the formation of Brahmanical, Jaina, Materialist, and Buddhist traditions, Bina Gupta courses the reader during the classical colleges of Indian suggestion, culminating in a glance at how those traditions tell Indian philosophy and society nowa days. supplying translations from resource texts and transparent causes of philosophical phrases, this article offers a rigorous evaluate of Indian philosophical contributions to epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, and ethics. it is a must-read for an individual looking a competent and illuminating advent to Indian philosophy.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge, and Freedom

Sample text

Thus, to the idea of ¯atman as body there corresponds the concept of “brahman” as material nature. To the concept of ¯atman as the lifeprinciple within there corresponds the concept of the brahman as indwelling life-principle within all beings. While there is such a correlation between how one understands the nature of the individual self and the nature of cosmic reality, the gap between them is eventually closed, and one passes from co-relation to identity when both the terms are understood in their true nature.

Finally, Praja¯pati reveals to Indra the true nature of the self, that as the support of the body, it is 34 T H E U P A N I S. A D S unchangeable essence of the empirical self. ), the light of lights. The above analyses of the states of consciousness found in BU and CU point to the self that is at once beyond the three stages (waking, dreaming, and dreamless sleep) and also endures identically through them. This self is experienced not in deep sleep but in the fourth, the transcendental stage. ” At the outset, MAU declares that the self has four feet (or quarters).

Such teachings were not meant for common persons. ads. ads gradually came to signify the highest knowledge which was received from the teacher, a sort of secret instruction, which could only be imparted to those students who were qualified to receive it. ” Etymologically, a disciple humbly approaches the teacher, to gain esoteric knowledge of the totality to break away from the bondage of the world. In this oral erudition, the guru and the pupils engaged in discussions and debates that added to the erudition and eventually became incorporated as part of the textual tradition.

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