By David E. Stannard
For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the US persisted an endless firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined by means of as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this attractive new booklet, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas was once the main large act of genocide within the historical past of the world.
Stannard starts off with a portrait of the big richness and variety of existence within the Americas sooner than Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and principal and South the United States, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and eventually out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard finds that at any place Europeans or white americans went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, mostly leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative resolution: Christians. Digging deeply into old eu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and struggle, he reveals the cultural flooring organized through the tip of the center a long time for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in areas proceed to wage-against the hot World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's guaranteed to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yank Holocaust drew at the comparable ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.
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Additional info for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World
19 The general lingering fame of these societies, however, rests predominantly on B E F ORE C O LU M B U S 25 their extraordinary artistry, craftsmanship, and architectural engineering from fine and delicate jewelry and pottery to massive housing complexes. Among the numerous outstanding examples of southwest architectural achievement are the Chacoan communities of the San Juan Basin in Colo rado and New Mexico, within the Anasazi culture area. Chaco Canyon is near the middle of the San Juan Basin, and here, more than a thousand years ago, there existed the metropolitan hub of hundreds of villages and at least nine large towns constructed around enormous multi-storied build ing complexes.
Very little detail is known about Olmec culture or social structure, nor about everyday life in the other complex societies that had begun to emerge in northwest Central America at an even earlier time. C. 48 The core of the Olmec population was situated in a river-laced crescent of land that stretched out across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec on Mexico's southern Gulf coast. At first glance this appears to be an inhospitable area for the founding of a major population center and civilization, but periodic flooding of the region's rivers created a marshy environment and the rich est agricultural lands in Mexico-land that often has been compared to the Nile delta in Egypt.
Ples did practice agriculture, however, and the very earliest European explOrers found it and the numbers of people living in the region awe-inspiring. " Again and again, wherever he went, he marveled at the "many pueblos," the "dense population," and the "thickly settled" coasts and plains. Even the small and subsequently uninhabited Santa Barbara islands, lying 25 to 70 miles off the coast-San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina, San Clemente, Santa Barbara, San Nicholas-were populated by "a great number of Indians" who greeted the Spanish ships in friendship and traded with them in ceremonies of peace.