By Morton Lippmann Ph.D. (auth.), J. C. M. Marijnissen, L. Gradoń (eds.)
A team of hugely esteemed aerosol scientists - physicists, chemists, biologists and toxicologists - met in Warsaw in September, 1995, on the way to talk about the newest advancements within the box of aerosol overall healthiness topics, together with inhalation, lung shipping and deposition. the connection of those matters with the surroundings was once additionally addressed.
This publication comprises the complaints of the Workshop and in addition records the resultant panel discussions.
topic Index included.
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Additional resources for Aerosol Inhalation: Recent Research Frontiers: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Aerosol Inhalation, Lung Transport, Deposition and the Relation to the Environment: Recent Research Frontiers, Warsaw, Poland, September 14–16, 1995
Another report at the same conference provided support for Vostal:s thesis. This was the finding by Kawabata et al. (1986) that intratracheal instillation of either carbon black or diesel soot caused a high incidence of lung cancer in rats. As I recall, the findings were at least partially discounted at the time the data were presented because of concern for the large quantities of particles delivered via a nonphysiological mode of administration, intratracheal instillation. Vostal noted that a threshold relationship between exposure and rat lung tumor response was observed for all of these dusts (Fig.
Cigarette smoking. o Not adjusted for Cohen and Higgins (1995). Figure 1. Lung cancer and exposure to diesel exhaust in railroad workers. From Boffetta et al. (1988) Siemiatycki (1991) Williams et al. (1977) Burns and Swanson (1991) Garshick et al. (1987) Schenker et al. (1984) Boffetta et al. (1990) Hall and Wynder (1984) Garshick et al. (1988) Howe et al. (1983) I I I 10 I I I (2) the lack of measurements of exposure, and (3) the lack of any characterization data on the diesel exhaust particulates for exposures that occurred decades ago.
Risk factors: particles? and inflammatory and? Inflammatory lung particle dose Exposure (dose) ....................... "" Risk factors: particles? . ,~ ~ mechanism or (b) specific genotoxic mechanism. particles producing lung cancer via (a) nonspecific inflammation-mediated Figure 9. J ::l s:::: 0) ::l E o U) - t ~ Noninflammatory lung particle dose mutations, and lung tumors. The other curve has a shallow slope at low levels of exposure since the toxicant is assumed to have some inherent genotoxicity that is manifest even in the absence of inflammation.