By O. Guerra Santin
Residential structures have constantly more advantageous in strength potency, in part by reason of the advent of strength rules in lots of international locations. even if higher thermal houses and structures potency have reduced strength intake for area heating in fresh a long time, significant changes in strength intake in related dwellings are nonetheless being saw. those changes in intake are considered because of alterations in occupancy styles, through caliber of development and via rebound results. This study addresses the impact of power functionality laws and occupant habit on strength intake for house and water heating in dwellings equipped after the advent of the power functionality laws within the Netherlands. the result of this learn convey that enhancing the power potency of constructions by myself isn't sufficient to diminish that strength intake. the big variations present in using dwellings point out that, specially in power effective homes, occupant habit offers a chance for extra savings within the power intake for area heating which may enhance the efforts to preserve power around the world. IOS Press is a global technological know-how, technical and clinical writer of high quality books for lecturers, scientists, and execs in all fields. many of the parts we submit in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and data platforms -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All elements of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom economic climate -Urban experiences -Arms keep an eye on -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences
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Extra resources for Actual Energy Consumption in Dwellings: The Effect of Energy Performance Regulations and Occupant Behaviour - Volume 33 Sustainable Urban Areas
Meijer (2008), Towards a Sustainable Northern European Housing Stock: Figures, facts and future, IOS Press, Amsterdam. , M. Uyterlinde & J. Uitzinger (2001), Energieverbruik van energiezuinige woningen, Report ECN & IVAM, ECN-C-01-072. Kanis, H. (1998), Usage centered research for everyday product design, Applied ergonomics, 1 (29), pp. 75-82. Karjalalainen, S. (2007), Gender Differences in Thermal Comfort and Use of Thermostats in Everyday Thermal Environments, Building and Environment, 42, pp.
Z. M. Liu (2006), Field Study of a Thermal Environment and Adaptive Model in Shanghai, Indoor Air, 16 (4), pp. 320-326. , L. Itard & H. Visscher (2009), The effect of occupancy and building characteristics on energy use for space and water heating in Dutch residential stock, Energy and Buildings, 41, pp. 1223-1232. Abstract As a consequence of the improved quality of thermal properties of buildings due to energy regulations, overall energy use associated with building characteristics is decreasing, making the role of the occupant more important.
Using scatterplots, univariate outliers were found in the following variables: [ 35 ] construction year, temperature setting during the day, night and evenings, number of rooms in the dwelling and household size. There were 224 outliers for construction year, while for the rest of the variables, less than 50 cases were found. The outliers were analysed and found to be real values and were therefore left in the sample. 4 Results In this section, the results of the statistical analysis will be described.