By Ingeborg Marshall
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Additional info for A History and Ethnography of the Beothuk
They were followed by the Early and Late Palaeo-Eskimo populations, whose occupation lasted from roughly 850 BC to AD 950, though the evidence suggests that they were in decline from about AD 550 on. It is generally accepted that around 50 BC, a second Indian population migrated across the Strait of Belle Isle to western Newfoundland. Called Recent Indians to distinguish them from the Maritime Archaic tradition, they are grouped archaeologically into three complexes according to the distinctive tools and other remains of these populations: the "Cow Head," "Beaches," and "Little Passage" complexes.
In order to be better informed of the Indians' needs and customs, Peckham and others organized a voyage of reconnaissance to North America, including Newfoundland, in 1582 or 1583. I0 Unfortunately this expedition, which could have provided much valuable information, did not take place. It was probably cancelled when Sir Humphrey Gilbert failed to return from his voyage to Newfoundland in 1583. In the 27 The Seventeenth Century event, Virginia was chosen as the most promising location for settlement and the colonization of Newfoundland was delayed for several decades.
Before returning home, he captured fifty-eight Indians. A messenger who heard about Gomes's landing in Coruna, Spain, spread the news that Gomes had brought cloves (clavos) instead of slaves (esclavos), which caused much laughter once the mistake was discovered. 17 The capture and enslavement of native people was the likeliest cause of hostile reactions from Indians towards fishing crews and other visitors. For example, in 1527 the crew of the English ship Mary Guildford encountered hostility after entering the coastal waters either of Newfoundland or of Labrador.